160519雅思閱讀多選題?沒你想的那麼難!  

一、明確告知選項個數
隨便翻一道多選題,閱讀它的題目指令,就會發現任何一道多選都不會藏頭露尾,它總是很坦然地告訴你,你要選2個,或者3個,或者4個…

例1:劍5T1P1:
Questions 1-3
Choose THREE letters A-H
Write your answers in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.
NB Your answers may be given in any order.
Which THREE of the following statements are true of Johnson's Dictionary?

例2:劍8T3P2:
Questions 14-18
Choose FIVE letters, A-K.
Write the correct letters in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.
NB Your answers may be given in any order.
Below are listed some popular beliefs about genius and giftedness.
Which FIVE of these beliefs are reported by the writer of the text?

二、選項數對應題量
雅思考試不但直接告訴你選幾個,而且更NICE的是每個選項都是一道題,所以只要你選對一個,就可以得到一個勾。比如上面例1是選THREE,所以給到的 題號是1-3;例2是選FIVE, 所以給到題號14-18.而且,每道題都會有個NB(請注意),很溫馨地提示你,Your answers may be given in any order.也就是說,在這幾個題號中,你只要選到對的選項填上對的字母即可。

三、正確答案相對集中
關於多選題的解答,還有至關重要的一點是它有針對性的範圍,從來沒有一道多選是要看完全文才能做的,所以我們說,多選題的正確答案,一般集中在1-2段。

如上例2,題目指令說:
Below are listed some popular beliefs about genius and giftedness.
Which FIVE of these beliefs are reported by the writer of the text?

考生應當根據提示,去文中尋找描述“popular beliefs”的段落:
原文:The concept of genius and of gifts has become part of our folk culture, and attitudes are ambivalent towards them. We envy the gifted and mistrust them. In the mythology of giftedness, it is popularly believed that if people are talented in one area, they must be defective in another, that intellectuals are impractical,…

這個時候,考生應該果段使用SKIM跳讀法,每段看個開頭一兩句,基本就能定位到段落。
劍橋系列所有多選中唯一一道令人定位困難的,是劍5第一篇,即以上所舉例

1. 題幹中能用以定位的資訊只有這一句:
Which THREE of the following statements are true of Johnson's Dictionary?
而題中唯一可定位的詞Johnson's Dictionary又剛好是本篇文章的大標題,因此有考生以為這組多選是要看全文的,但是我們若留意選項,會發現所以選項都是針對Dictionary的,所以只要尋找到直接描述Dictionary相關資訊的段落即可。

A It avoided all scholarly words.
B It was the only English dictionary in general use for 200 years.
C It was famous because of the large number of people involved.
D It focused mainly on language from contemporary texts.
E There was a time limit for its completion.
F It ignored work done by previous dictionary writers.
G It took into account subtleties of meaning.
H Its definitions were famous for their originality.

讓我們跳讀一下原文------
P1: For the century before Johnson's Dictionary was published in 1775, there had been concern about the state of the English language. … (顯然不是)

P2: There had, of course, been dictionaries in the past, …(顯然不是)

P4:Johnsonwas a poet and critic who raised common sense to the heights of genius…(顯然還不是)

P5:The work was immense; filling about eighty large notebooks (and without a library to hand), Johnson wrote the definitions of over 40,000 words, and illustrated their many meanings with some114,000 quotations drawn from English writing on every subject, from the Elizabethans to his own time. (BINGO,找到了!!!)

四、按文章順序答題
最後一點,找到題目所對應的段落之後,應按文章順序答題。因為選項無序,且有一些選項是混淆項。但是文章內容多,選項多,怎樣才能有條理地篩選而不至於大 腦容量不夠,則應採取以下原則:每看原文一到兩句,到選項中篩選一次,把能選的選出,能排的排掉,然後再讀一到兩句,再進行一次排選。以此類推,直至選到 全部選項。

當然,如果考生腦容量較大,則可以選閱讀選項,記住每個選項關鍵字,然後對原文相應段落進行掃讀,對於踩點的原句進行細讀,沒有踩點的句子則迅速帶過。如此,也能順利解決多選題。方法可以因人而異,只要將其特點牢記於心,則萬變不離其宗,問題便可迎刃而解!

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