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冬天要來了,趁今天的好天氣,來聽個太陽主題。
 今日主題:The sun 太陽
 派老師推薦:雅思聽力最好的課外教材:BBC
 康康精選雅思會考的主題,堅持每天精聽一定會進步的哦!!

 建議方法:
1. 先聽兩三遍 (不看文稿)
2. 再一句一句聽寫 (每句都要聽寫數遍,直到寫出85%以上的字)
3. 最後check文稿,看哪聽不出來,單字沒背過,還是發音不熟。
4. 堅持天天聽,就能每天進步哦。

 MP3音檔 (按右鍵可下載聽):喜歡的同學,幫忙推或按讚哦~~
http://static.iyuba.com/sounds/minutes/180.mp3

 只有音檔怎夠,聽不懂地方,不用怕,康康幫你準備好中英文稿了:

 中英文稿:
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Rob…
大家好,歡迎收聽《六分鐘英語》。我是羅伯。
… and I'm Neil. Hello.
大家好,我是尼爾。
Hello, Neil, and what a glorious sunny day it is today.Not a cloud in the sky! Spring is definitely here! Now, Neil, you're a bit of a sun worshipper, aren't you? You like sunbathing…
尼爾,你好。今天真是陽光明媚的一天。天空沒有一絲雲彩。春天真的來了。尼爾,你有些太陽崇拜,是麼?我知道你非常喜歡日光浴。
I do indeed!I love sitting in my deckchair in the garden, catching some rays…
是的,沒錯!我喜歡坐在花園裡的躺椅上曬太陽。
Hmm, yes, you look a bit orange actually. Are you sure that tan's not fake?
恩,你的皮膚都曬成棕褐色了。你確定你這棕褐色不是假的?
Very cheeky, Rob, very cheeky…
羅伯,你這麼說太無恥了。
Now the reason I mentioned sunbathing is because we're discussing the sun in this programme.
我之所以提到日光浴是因為我們今天節目要討論的就是太陽。
Yes, that's right. The sun is our nearest star – although it's a staggering 150 million kilometres away. Earth is one of nine planets that orbit – or circle around – the sun. And life on Earth couldn't exist without its warmth and light.
沒錯太陽是距離我們最近的恆星,雖說最近,也相隔了1.5億公里。地球是繞日(圍繞太陽轉)九大行星之一。沒有太陽的光和熱,地球上的生命無法生存。
And we should mention… the sun is absolutely massive.Its volume is so large you could fit a million Earths inside it.
值得一提的是太陽真的非常龐大。其體積可以容納一百萬個地球。
That's amazing! It's also incredibly hot.Hotter than anything you could imagine.
太不可思議了!太陽也非常熱。比你能想到的任何東西溫度都高。
So Neil, can you answer this question: How hot is the surface of the sun? Now I'll help you out by telling you that the sun's core – that's the centre – is a blistering five million degrees Celsius.But how hot is the sun's surface? Is it ...a) 1.5 billion degrees Celsiusb) 1.5 million degrees Celsiusor c) 5500 degrees Celsius
那麼,尼爾,你知道太陽表面究竟有多熱嗎?給你一個提示,太陽核心,也就是太陽的中心,溫度達到了五百萬攝氏度。但是太陽表面溫度是多少呢?a) 15億攝氏度b) 150萬攝氏度c) 5500攝氏度
Hmm. I have no idea. They all sound quite warm to me.But … I think it must be a bit cooler than the core. So I'm going to go for 1.5 million degrees.
我不知道。對我來說這些溫度都很高。但是我覺得表面溫度應該比核心溫度低一點。所以我選150萬攝氏度。
Okay. Well, we'll find out if you're right or wrong later on. But now let's listen to Professor of Solar Physics Louise Harra to discover what the sun is made of.
在節目的最後我們來看看你回答得是否正確。現在,我們來聽聽太陽物理學教授路易斯?哈拉講述太陽的成分。
It's just a big ball of gas.And we measure it… it's made mostly of hydrogen. So it's roughly 90% hydrogen, it's maybe 8% helium, and the rest of it's made up of things like iron, carbon, oxygen, nickel.
太陽就是一個充斥著氣體的巨大球體。我們測量後估計,太陽主要是由氫氣組成。大概成分有90%的氫氣,8%的氮氣,其餘的成分有鐵、碳、氧和鎳。
So the main gas is hydrogen, which accounts for 90% of the sun's matter. Now, 』matter' means what something is made of.
所以太陽中主要氣體是氫氣,佔太陽物質的90%。這裡的「物質」是指某個事物的組成成分。
And hydrogen creates all the sun's energy. Heat and light energy is created all the time in the sun's core as a result of gas explosions or nuclear reactions. And this bit is hard to believe – it takes a hundred thousand years for this light energy to travel from the sun's core to the sun's surface.
氫氣是整個太陽的能量所在。在太陽核心,因為氣體爆炸或核反應,光和熱被源源不斷地創造。難以置信的是光能從太陽核心到達太陽表面需要十萬年的時間。
But once it reaches the sun's surface – the photosphere – it can escape. In fact, it takes only eight minutes for light energy from the sun to reach the Earth. Scientists these days are able to see the photosphere in fantastic detail using powerful telescopes.
光能一旦到達太陽表面,即太陽的光球層,就會逃走。實際上,光能從太陽到達地球僅需8分鐘時間。科學家日前用高倍望遠鏡來觀測光球層的奇異細節。
Though Galileo observed dark spots on the sun through his telescope several hundred years ago, didn't he? Which brings us on to another question: How old is the sun?
伽利略在幾百年前就通過自制的望遠鏡觀察到太陽上的黑點了,不是嗎?這還引申出另一個問題:太陽的年齡有多大?
Well, I happen to know that it came into being around four and a half billion years ago.
我碰巧知道這個,太陽是在45億年前形成的。
Did you study solar physics at university, Neil?
你在大學學過太陽物理學嗎?
No, just… you know, just general knowledge.
沒有,只知道一些基本知識。
Well, the sun came into being – or was created – a very long time ago! We're going to hear now from Professor of Physics, Yvonne Elseworth. What does she say about how long the sun is going to stay the same?
太陽居然在那麼早之前就形成了!我們來聽聽物理學教授伊馮? 愛斯沃斯的講話。瞭解一下太陽的壽命還有多長時間。
In terms of its current lifestyle it's here for as long again, so we're about half way through.And then it becomes a different sort of star– it becomes a giant star and that's probably curtains for us, actually. It'll get a bit warm, a bit toasty, and we'll get enveloped in the sun, and it won't be nice...
依照太陽目前的狀況,太陽的變化也只進行了一半,我們對太陽的瞭解也只是剛剛入門而已。太陽會變得與現在不同。它會成為龐大的恆星,有可能給地球帶來災難。太陽的溫度會更高,我們會被灼熱的太陽所包裹,這可不是什麼好事。
So the sun is going to stay the same for another four and a half billion years. But the professor also says that the sun will change. When it becomes a giant star, it will be curtains for our planet – and 『curtains' means the end, I'm afraid!
所以太陽的壽命還有45億年。但是教授也說,那時太陽會發生變化。當它成為龐大的恆星時,就有可能給我們的星球帶來災難。也就意味著結束,對此我感到很恐慌。
Yes, it does. And as a giant star, the sun will get hotter – it will make the Earth toasty. Now, toasty usually means hot in a nice way.
沒錯。太陽越來越大,也會越來越灼熱,會將地球照耀的更暖和。如今我們說的暖和意味著適度的熱量。
That's right – for example, my toes are warm and toasty in my new slippers.But in reality the giant sun will make the Earth unbearably hot. It will surround – or envelop – our planet and burn it up.
是的。例如,我的腳趾被新鞋包裹得暖洋洋的。但是事實上,巨型太陽產生的熱量,會使地球不堪忍受。太陽會包裹住我們的星球,將其燒燬。
Well, I'm glad we're not going to be around when that happens.Now, remember at the beginning of the show I asked you how hot the sun's surface is?Is it a) 1.5 billion b) 1.5 million or c) 5500 degrees Celsius?
我很慶幸,我們等不到那時候的到來。現在,回到節目開始時的問題。我問你太陽表面的熱度能達到多少攝氏度。a) 15億攝氏度b) 150萬攝氏度c) 5500攝氏度?
And I said 1.5 million…
我選的是150萬攝氏度。
It's way too hot, I'm afraid you were wrong. The answer is actually 5500 degrees Celsius. But still, if you're planning on visiting the sun, remember to take your sunglasses and plenty of sunscreen! Now, before we go, it's time to remind ourselves of some of the vocabulary that we've heard today.
那也太熱了。很抱歉你答錯了。正確答案是5500攝氏度。如果你計畫參觀太陽,記得帶上太陽鏡和防曬油!好了,節目結束前,我們回憶一下今天提到的單詞吧。
orbit
繞軌道運行
massive
龐大的
core
核心
energy
能量
matter
物質
photosphere
光球層
come into being
形成
curtains for something
給某物帶來災難
toasty
暖和的
envelop
包裹

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