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雅思寫作高頻字彙和它們的替換字彙

 

雅思寫作高頻字彙和它們的替換字彙在雅思大作文、小作文中經常被使用,所以很有可能在一篇文章中重複被使用2次及以上,這時候,我們就需要用它們的近義詞去進行替換,保證我們文中字彙和句型的豐富程度。

 

1. 通用類字彙

 

在雅思大作文中,最常用的字彙包含形容詞:重要的、有益的,動詞:認為、獲得,和名詞:優點、缺點等,這些字彙無論放在哪篇大作文寫作中,基本都可以使用到。具體來說,當我們表達支持某一方觀點的時候,一般會在主題句形容這件事兒是“重要的”(important=essential=crucial),“有益的”(beneficial=advantageous),這時候就需要用到相應替換字彙。再如,表達一部分人“認為...”的時候,往往也可以用到以下替換字:argue=insist=claim=hold the view等。這些高頻使用的字彙,我們把它稱為通用類字彙。

 

2.話題類字彙

 

雅思大作文另一類常用字彙,是結合各類話題而展開的,包含常考的教育類話題、科技類話題、政府類話題等十大話題。圍繞這些話題,老師會為學生分類、總結高頻字彙。

如教育類話題中,有關課程的字彙“必修課”(compulsory subjects)“、選修課”(selective subjects)、“課外活動”(e​​xtra- curriculum activities)等,有關學習過程的字彙“發展創造力”(develop creativity)、“滿足個性化需要”(be tailored to their needs)、“全面發展”(rounded development)等。有關學習效果的字彙“激發學習興趣”(stimulate the enthusiasm for study )、“提高學習效率”(enhance learning efficiency )和“發揮潛力”(reach their full potential)等等,充分供學員在雅思教育類話題中使用,開展自己的寫作。

 

雅思寫作高頻字彙替換詞組

 

高頻形容詞:

1. 貧窮的:poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken

2. 富裕的:rich = wealthy = affluent = well-to-do = well-off

3. 優秀的:excellent = eminent = top = outstanding4

4. 積極的/好的:good = conducive = beneficial=advantageous:

5. 消極的/不良的:bad = detrimental = baneful =undesirable

6. 明顯的:obvious = apparent = evident =manifest

7. 健康的:healthy = robust = sound = wholesome

8. 驚人的:surprising = amazing = extraordinary = miraculous

9. 美麗的:beautiful = attractive = gorgeous = eye-catching

10.有活力的:energetic = dynamic = vigourous =animated

11.流行的:popular = prevailing = prent = pervasive

 

高頻動詞:

1. 提高/加強:improve = enhance= promote = strengthen = optimize

2. 引起:cause = trigger = endanger

3. 解決:solve =resolve =address = tackle =cope with = deal with

4. 拆除:destroy = tear down = knock down = eradicate

5. 培養:develop = cultivate = foster = nurture(

6. 激發/鼓勵:encourage = motivate = stimulate = spur

7. 認為:think = assert = hold = claim = argue

8. 完成:complete = fulfill = accomplish = achieve

9. 保留:keep = preserve = retain = hold

10.有害於:destroy = impair = undermine = jeopardize

11.減輕: ease = alleviate = relieve = lighten

 

高頻名詞:

1. 影響:influence= impact

2. 危險:danger = perils =hazards

3. 污染:pollution = contamination

4. 人類:human beings= mankind = humane race

5. 老人: old people= the old = the elderly = the aged = senior citizens

6. 幸福:happiness = well-being

7. 老師:teachers = instructors = educators = lecturers

8. 教育education = schooling = family parenting = upbringing

9. 青少年:young people = youngsters = youths = adolescents*

10.優點:advantage = merits = superiority = virtue

11.責任: responsibility = obligation = duty = liability

12能力: ability = capacity = power = skill

13.職業: job = career = employment = profession

14.娛樂: enjoyment = pastimes = recreation= entertainment

15.孩子: children = Offspring = descendant = kid

 

高頻片語:

1. 充滿了:be filled with = be awash with = be inundate with = be saturated with

2. 努力:struggle for = aspire after = strive for = spare no efforts for

3. 從事: embark in = take up = set about = go in for

4. 在當代:in contemporary society = in present-day society= in this day and age

5. 大量的:a host of = a multitude of = a vast number of = a vast amount of

 

以上就是雅思寫作高頻字彙和它們的替換字彙總的內容,同學們可以在掌握這些雅思寫作高頻字彙的同時,也順便記住它們的替換詞字和近義同義字,這樣的由一個高頻字引申出來的相關字彙就會比較豐富。這不僅僅是幫我們在寫作的時候更加從容,不出現字彙貧乏的問題,也能幫助我們在雅思口說中增加字彙豐富性。

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