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本文將圍繞體育話題為例,論述如何合理構思,備考口說的獨立任務。

美國的體育選拔機制集中與高中和大學,孩子從小就會參加棒球社區聯賽Baseball Little League,女生踢足球Soccer,高中之後很多表現出體育天賦的年輕人開始有目的的向職業聯盟努力. 這些聯盟包括, NFL(National Football League)國家橄欖球聯盟, MLB(Major League Baseball)美國職棒大聯盟, NHL(National Hockey League),以及我們很熟悉的NBA(National Basketball Association)。

美國人在瞭解、結交一個新朋友的時候,比較喜歡瞭解對方的話題之一就是體育愛好,並希望找到志同道合的體育愛好者,開展下一步的交友。對於體育話題的收集 和練習,短期可能是為了取得良好的考試成績,長期來說則是為了在國內或者國外更好的融入英語語言國家的社會生活, 結交更多朋友,進而體會更多國外文化。

1.詞彙包裝,保證精彩和詳細
如果背單字的目的不僅僅是識別閱讀,聽力中的要點,還包括口說,作文中有效表達的話. 那麼我們要明白句子中主要有三種詞彙。

◈ 實詞:名詞 動詞 數位 形容詞 副詞
其中名詞,動詞和數位使答題內容具體細化;形容詞和副詞的包裝作用可以是答題變得更加華麗。

◈ 虛詞:助詞 感歎詞
助動詞:完成句型的時態,語態,語氣。
平時要注意語法曲折變位元的能力
感歎詞:使答題充滿人性,不沉悶,很動態,説明你展現感性的成分。

◈ 連詞:
答題的理性的成分,製造內容的起承轉合,展現口才的邏輯品質。有目的的累積,善用各種詞性的好詞,可以對口說表達進行精彩的包裝。

2.亮點論據,升級內容的技術含量。
不管考試時間如何要求答題長度,考生需要意識到,我們不僅要完成填充題目要求時間,還要保證填充資訊的技術含量和精彩程度。

下列論據大家要學會累積,這樣才能或具體話題點對點使用或放之四海皆真的廣泛應用於各種話題中。

◈ fact擺事實
◈ statistics列數字
◈ witness/testimony 親身經驗/別人經驗
◈ comparison/analogy比較/類比
◈ example貼切的例子
◈ anecdote黑色幽默的奇聞趣事
◈ quotation名人名言引用

在這樣的選詞和造句的原則下,我們面對一個話題,要考慮能說出來的資訊總量有多少,之後把這些資訊都寫出來,反復朗讀,並使用我給的錄音軟體來錄音,説明自己不見得要背誦,但是至少要非常熟悉。

常見體育話題
1.興趣愛好:運動
2. 偶像明星:科比布萊恩特
3. 生活大事:偶遇明星
4. 體育運動:籃球
5. 影響自己的事情/人

下面這篇口說作文的總字數超過400。大家需要知道的是,這麼長的文章不是全部於45秒/90秒的答案。這些單字、句子和資訊,是針對體育這個話題,大家 應該會的內容。不同的同學會選擇不同的內容和多種句子組合順序,這樣會避免拿著這個材料的很多同學答案出現同質性的問題。大家用以上的原則,到這篇文章中 找找精彩的亮點吧。

娛樂-體育: Basket-ball / Kobe pyant / LA Lakers
My favorite sport is without a shadow of a doubt basketball. And, funny story, I met a NBA basketball player for the first time in my life at an airport when I wasn’t that familiar with NBA.I looked at him and didn’t know who he was. Now I think about it, it was Kobe pyant. Wow! I had no idea! What a waste of opportunity! . I mean, I could’ve asked for an autograph. But i didn’t. Ooooh, I hate myself. I’m a huge fan of the L.A. Lakers. There’re too many reasons for this. To start with, it’s dynasty in the forming. Some people say that Shaquille O’neal and Kobe pyant.

THAT was a dynasty! But I’m not a big fan of Shaq; I love Kobe. Being a guard, he’s all around. He scored 81 points back in 2006 in a game against the Toronto Raptors. In 2007, around the same time of the year, he scored more than 50 for four consecutive games. And this year, he’s taking the Lakers all the way to the Final after beating San Antonio Spurs in the Western Conference Final. And before that they beat Utah Jazz. We often say that there’s no easy game in the West. And Kobe and his team came all the way. That could only mean one thing--They’re unbelievably good. I play basketball whenever I can. And I even imitate some of Kobe’s moves.

I’m not that tall, but still, I can jump shoot, do the lay-up, and if the hoop is low enough, do a slam dunk. Being a guard is like being a captain of a team. You initiate every attack, you decide the offense strategy. And when you give out assists, you’re helping other teammates; when you’re hitting three-pointers, you’re encouraging the whole team. When you do a lay-up in a fast peak, you’re pissing off your opponents. The more you play basketball, the more you find there’s more to basketball than just a physical game. It has a mental state to it. How to be selfless, how to contribute to the team instead of just thinking for yourself, how to work with others--these are also questions we have to face in real life. The NBA has a catch-phrase, i love this game. It’s more than i can say about it. And this year, i found it was changed. Now the motto is “Where Amazing Happens! ”David Stern is absolutely a genius. Basketball provides me more than exercise, but more importantly, inspiration and encouragement in life.

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