今日主題:Gun control without guns 以無槍方式管控槍支


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再一句一句聽寫 (每句都要聽寫數遍,直到寫出85%以上的字)
MP3音檔 (按右鍵可下載聽):喜歡的同學,幫忙推或按讚哦~~


Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English– the show that brings you an interesting topic, authentic listening practice and vocabulary to help you improve your language skills. I’m Dan…

And I’m Neil. In this programme we’ll be discussing armed police, as well as teaching you six new items of vocabulary, of course.

Can we get this done quickly today Neil? Only I’ve got to shoot off to a party later.

Shoot off meaning leave quickly. Of course we can. And it’s funny that you should mention shooting because our topic this week is gun control without guns.
Shoot off

Is that so?I have a question about that for you.

Fire away then.

Fire away, an expression giving permission for someone to ask a question or speak. So, which country has the oldest gun control laws in the world? Is it a) USA, b) Iceland or c) Japan?
Fire away
這個短語是指允許對方發問或說話。世界上哪個國家擁有最悠久的槍支管控法律。 a) 美國, b) 冰島,還是 c) 日本?

I’m going to guess b) Iceland, just because I’ve never been there.

Well, we’ll find out if you’re right a bit later on. Now, imagine the scene. You are a police officer who has been called out to deal with an incident. When you arrive on scene you find a dangerous criminal. Do you reach for a gun, or a blanket?

It’s got to be a gun.

Well, in most countries in the world you’d be right, but not in Japan. Despite carrying guns, Japanese police almost never use them. Instead they rely on a combination of martial arts and in many cases where a person is violent, they bring out the futon – which is a kind of blanket– and they wrap them up and restrain them, or prevent them from moving.

You’re pulling my leg.

Nope! Listen to Japanese journalist Anthony Berteaux describe the situation:

What most Japanese police will do is to get huge futons essentially roll up the person who is being violent or drunk into a little burrito and carry them back to the station, and calm them down. The response to violence is never violence, it’s always to de-escalate it.

So, they safely restrain the person and wait for the situation to de-escalate, or become less intense.

Unless a criminal has a gun, Japanese police never fire their weapons.

Surely that means that the criminals always have the advantage then?

You’d think so, but no. It seems that guns don’t really feature in crimes much in Japan.

Well, that’s astonishing. So do you think the criminals don’t carry guns because the police don’t carry guns or that the police don’t carry guns because the criminals don’t carry guns?

Wow, that makes my head hurt! Well I don’t know, but listen to what Iain Overton, the Executive Director of Action on Armed Violence says about armed police in society.

The American model has been militarise the police, but the challenge I have is that there is very little evidence that a more militarised police results in a more peaceful society. And I’m very concerned that if you have too many police pulling out guns at the first incidence of crimethen you lead to a miniature arms race between police and criminals.

So, America tends to militarise its police meaning to equip them and use them as an army…

…and that causes an arms race with the criminals, which is a competition between two groups to have more weapons than the other group.

He also said that there’s not a strong connection between armed police and a peaceful society. So, does that mean that Japanese society is more peaceful?

Well, violent crime still happens there, but criminals tend to carry other weapons, such as swords and knives,but at least it’s a step in the right direction. Now, can you remember the quiz question I asked?

I think so. You asked me which country has the oldest gun control laws in the world? Is it a) USA, b) Iceland or c) Japan? And I said b) Iceland.
我想我記得。你問我世界上哪個國家擁有最悠久的槍支管控法律? a) 美國, b) 冰島,還是 c) 日本?我選的是 b) 冰島。

Well, I’m sorry Neil, that’s not right. But, don’t shoot the messenger, OK? It’s Japan, which implemented its gun control laws in 1685.

How interesting. Now, let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this programme.

Sure, we had shoot off. If you shoot off, it means you leave somewhere in a hurry. What type of verb is it Neil? Can you give us an example?
我們提到了shoot off(迅速離開)。如果你要shoot off,就是你要匆忙離開某地。這是哪種動詞類型呢?你能給我們一個例子嗎?

It’s a phrasal verb so it’s used conversationally and usually in an informal context. As for an example, when he heard his wife was sick, he shot off to the hospital. Synonyms could be dash off or run off. Next we had fire away. Now, fire away is an expression giving permission for someone to ask a question or speak. Can you think of any other ways to say the same thing, Dan, if I said, can I ask you a question?
這是一個動詞片語,常用於口語或非正式文本。舉一個例子,當他聽到他的妻子病了時,他飛速前往醫院。同義詞有dash off run off。下一個單詞是 fire away。這是指允許他人提問或話說。你能想到其他方式表達這個意思嗎?如果我說,我能問你一個問題嗎?

I’d say yes, of course, go ahead, please do, or by all means. Restrain. If you restrain someone, you prevent them from moving. In another sense, you might restrain yourself from doing something – for example: eating chocolate! Have you ever had to restrain your children from anything, Neil?

I have to restrain my children all the time, Dan, otherwise they would fight like mad. I have to pull them apart and restrain them. OK, de-escalate –If something de-escalates, it becomes less intense. This is often used in the context of conflicts or argument. Can you think of a historical example, Dan?
我得隨時限制他們,不然他們要像瘋了一樣地打鬧。我得把他們拉開,限制他們。好的,下一個詞是 de-escalate,如果某物逐步降級,就是指不再緊張。通常用於衝突和爭吵的語境中。你能想到一個歷史案例嗎,丹?

Well, in the 1960s the Cuban missile crises escalated over a period of two weeks and de-escalated only after diplomatic negotiations were successful. But it was pretty close to World War 3 at one point! Militarise. If something is militarised, it is equipped and used like an army. Give me an example of people who have become militarised, Neil.

Yes, when I was a student in the United Kingdom some of the foreign students had to go home to take part in national service – that’s join the army for a couple of years – so they became militarised. Now, an arms race. An arms race is a competition between two groups to gain more weapons than the other group. Got an example of that, Dan?

The most famous example of this is the Cold War. Both the USSR and the USA became involved in an arms race to stockpile as many nuclear weapons as possible. Well, that’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. Please join us again soon!

And we are on social media too, so make sure to visit us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube.
我們還有社交媒體,可以訪問我們的FacebookTwitter Instagram YouTube



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