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今日主題:Greek politics-- Immigrants as scapegoats / 希臘政治--讓移民來頂罪

康康精選GRE&GMAT會考的主題,堅持每天精讀一定會進步的哦!!
MP3
音檔 (按右鍵可下載聽):喜歡的同學,幫忙推或按讚哦~~
http://xia2.kekenet.com/Sou…/2016/…/eco160726_05482546xQ.mp3

只有音檔怎夠,聽不懂地方,不用怕,康康幫你準備好中英文稿了:

中英文稿:
Greek politics-- Immigrants as scapegoats
希臘政治--讓移民來頂罪


As Greece is forced to make more budget cuts, right-wing extremism is on the rise
希臘被迫不斷削減其財政預算的同時,國內右翼極端勢力開始崛起


Protesters in wheelchairs jeered and whistled as officials from the “troika”—the European Commission, the IMF and the European Central Bank—arrived at the labour ministry on October 2nd to press for yet more public-expenditure cuts. Beleaguered Greeks are set to endure a sixth year of recession in 2013. Greek budget planners forecast a 3.8-4% contraction, the IMF a more pessimistic 5%.
本月2日,歐盟委員會(European Commission)、國際貨幣基金組織(IMF)和歐洲央行(European Central Bank)這三駕馬車的官員代表抵達希臘勞動部,敦促其繼續削減公共開支。與此同時,眾多殘障人士坐在輪椅上,對於此舉又是吹哨又是嘲諷。由於陷入歐債危機,希臘人民直至明年不得不繼續經歷連續第六年的經濟衰退。據希臘財政部預計,本次衰退規模為3.8%4%,而IMF則給出5%這一更為悲觀的數字。


Yannis Stournaras, the finance minister, is under huge pressure to find an extra 2 billion ($2.6 billion) of last-minute savings to appease the troika. Antonis Samaras, the centre-right prime minister, has an even harder task: persuading the coalition government’s left-wing partners to accept tighter austerity. Both still sound confident a deal will be reached, though the timetable is likely to slip by a couple of weeks.
對此,希臘財長斯托那拉斯(Yannis Stournaras)肩負重擔。他必須從辛苦積累下的財政基金中擠出20億歐元(約26億美元),以應付那三駕馬車。而處於中右勢力的希臘總理薩馬拉斯(Antonis Samaras)所面臨的任務則更為艱巨,即遊說聯合政府內部的左翼派接受更進一步的財政緊縮方案。但兩人仍然相信能就此問題達成協議,只是達成時間可能會向後順延兩周。


Delays are not helpful for Mr Samaras. He has struggled during his first 100 days in office to keep his fragile coalition together while Mr Stournaras put together a 13.5 billion austerity package in return for Greece’s second 130 billion bail-out. At the European summit on October 18th, the premier promised that he would seek a two-year extension until 2016 for implementing the new measures, thereby softening their impact. But European leaders will not grant Greece’s request until the package has been agreed to with the troika and approved by the parliament in Athens. As a result Greece’s next 31.2 billion loan tranche, needed to recapitalise Greek banks so that they can start lending again, may not arrive until mid-November.
但這樣拖延絲毫無助于薩馬拉斯總理。其上任後的一百天內,薩馬拉斯總理一直致力於團結起其支離破碎的聯合政府。與此同時,作為對於希臘1300億歐元援助計畫的回應,斯托那拉斯則拼湊出了一套135億歐元的財政緊縮計畫。在本月18日即將召開的歐洲峰會上,薩馬拉斯總理將再次重申其承諾,將財政改革期限延長2年至2016年,以緩解國內壓力。但歐盟各國領導人對此則表示,在本次財政緊縮方案出臺並同時得到三駕馬車和希臘國會認同之前,將駁回希臘的此般要求。希臘各大銀行需要重新注資以重啟借貸業務,而其所需的下一輪312億歐元的援助金,也將因此順延至11月中旬。


The draft budget for 2013 already includes almost 5 billion of cuts in pensions and public-sector salaries. Mr Stournaras hopes they are deep enough to achieve a primary budget surplus (before making debt repayments) of 1.4% of GDP. The troika chiefs are concerned tax revenues will be lower than forecast, and that the budget still leaves space for spending overruns by the defence and health ministries and in local government.
2013
年的財政預案中,已包括了在養老金改革和公務員降薪等約50億歐元的緊縮計畫。對此,斯托那拉斯希望該預案能行之有效,初步實現GPD百分之1.4的初步財政盈餘(債務償還前數字)。三駕馬車領導人們則擔心,財稅收入將低於預期規模;同時,該預案仍然會允許希臘國防部、衛生部和各地方政府過度支出。


Once again the government has shied away from sacking civil servants, despite a commitment to cut the bloated public-sector payroll by 150,000 over the next three years. Instead a total of 15,000 civil servants are to be eased out of their jobs, taking early retirement after a year on 75% of their previous salary. It is an unsatisfactory solution reached to accommodate Mr Samaras’s coalition partners.
通過這一預案,希臘政府將再一次避免裁員,儘管其承諾在今後三年內整頓冗餘的公共部門,並完成15萬人的裁員。相反,總共有15000名公務員將于一年後離職退休,並享受等同于現有工資75%的養老金。這一措施在解決財政問題上,無法令薩馬拉斯總理的同僚們滿意。


Greece’s official unemployment rate hit 24.4% in June, the EU’s second-highest after Spain. The jobless rate among young Greeks rose to 55.4%, overtaking Spain’s for the first time. Many private-sector workers, among them teachers and nurses, complain of not being paid regularly. “In our profession, you can’t not turn up for your shift,” said Yolanda, an intensive-care nurse taking part in a protest outside the health ministry, which owes more than 1 billion to private clinics for looking after state health-service patients.
希臘的官方失業率在六月突破24.4%,繼西班牙後成為歐盟第二高失業國。而希臘的年輕人失業率則攀升至55.4%,首度超過西班牙。同時,包括教師和護士在內,眾多私營部門的員工則對於無法定期拿到工資一事怨聲載道。Yolanda是一名重症監護室的護士,她在參與本次希臘衛生部抗議遊行活動的同時聲稱:幹我們這一行,因為輪班,你必須時刻守在崗位上。由於向國家衛生服務處的病人提供治療和護理,私人診所已受到國家衛生部高達10億多歐元的欠費額。


Public-sector trade unions are planning rolling strikes to protest against the latest wage cuts. Extremists are stirring up trouble. Opinion polls show that Golden Dawn, the far-right, anti-immigrant party that won seats in parliament for the first time at the June general election, has overtaken the socialists to occupy third place behind Mr Samaras’s New Democracy and Syriza, the main opposition party.
國有部門的各個工會為抗議近期的工資削減正在計畫集體罷工。極端分子也不斷招惹事端。金色黎明黨Golden Dawn)是希臘極右翼的反移民政黨,它在今年6月的國會選舉上首此贏得一席之地。據民調顯示,該黨人氣已超過社會主義各大黨派,直逼執政黨新民主黨New Democracy)和第一反對黨希臘極左翼聯盟Syriza),成為希臘第三大黨。


Golden Dawn is opening more offices in provincial towns to increase support among the unemployed young. Recognisable by their black T-shirts with a swastika-like emblem, its members are growing bolder in their harassment of immigrants. One group recently attacked several stallholders at an open-air market in Rafina, a port near Athens, after posing as plain-clothes police checking their permits. The police were not much help: as often happens with Golden Dawn’s transgressions, sympathetic police officers looked the other way.
金色黎明黨在各地方城鎮不斷設立分部,借此提高其在失業年輕人中的聲望。該党成員都穿著印有類似字黨徽的黑色T恤,十分醒目。他們對待海外移民的騷擾行徑也愈加明目張膽。近期,在雅典附近的海港拉菲娜(Rafina),某團體假借便衣員警搜查許可證的名義後,向當地一戶外市場的多個攤販發動襲擊。而真正的員警卻在袖手旁觀:由於金色黎明党時常進行此類違法行徑,心有不忍的員警也只好視而不見。


Golden Dawn is not only stepping up its vigilantism and attacks against immigrants. Nikos Michaloliakos, the party leader, encourages displays designed to show Golden Dawn’s social conscience, through public distributions of food parcels to the needy. But beneficiaries must first register with the party and prove they are Greek, by showing their identity cards.
金色黎明黨的所為不僅僅包括其不斷加強的反移民政策和襲擊。其党首麥克婁利亞科斯(Nikos Michaloliakos)支持向貧民分發食物,由此來顯示該党的社會道德心。但這些貧民獲贈食物的前提是加入該黨,並出示身份證以證明自己的希臘國籍。


Nikos Dendias, the citizens’ protection minister, says that Golden Dawn’s storm-troopers will not be tolerated. Shopkeepers around Plateia Amerikis, where some immigrants run small businesses, are not convinced. “Racist violence is on the rise, and many people are in need of protection,” says Javed Aslam, a Pakistani community leader. Few immigrants trust the police any more.
對此,希臘司法部長丹迪亞斯(Nikos Dendias)表示,金色黎明黨的那些突擊隊員不能被姑息。在Amerikis廣場,一部分移民經營著小買賣。對於政府的態度,當地的店家表示不太放心。種族暴力行徑不斷增多,許多人都需要保護。某巴基斯坦社區領導Javed Aslam稱。大部分移民對於希臘警方都表示不信任。

 

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