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感謝同學們回報:㊗️賀聽說讀寫全命中🎯字神真經班啦

 

 

 

 

🎊命中閱讀28題 (二篇)
🎊命中聽力23題 (三篇)
🎊命中口說01題
🎊命中綜合寫作

9/15的綜合寫作,重複的是2016年9月25日真題。
趕緊來看一下這篇機經哦:
閱讀觀點總結
總論點:Etruscans是曾定居在意大利的一個古老的歐洲民族,對於這一民族的根源一直存在爭議。有學者認為Etruscans來自土耳其的一個地區,並給出了以下證據來支持這一觀點。
分論點一:一個著名古歷史學家Horodotus的作品表明Etruscan人來自土耳其。據Horodotus所說,土耳其西部的一個王國在遭遇饑荒之後,有一部分人坐船離開並定居在了意大利,他們就是最初的Etruscan人。
分論點二:Etruscan的語言證明了他們來自土耳其。Etruscan的語言屬於Tyrrhenian語系,而在一個臨近土耳其的島嶼上發現了Tyrrhenian語系的銘文。因為有相同語言的民族通常來自同一個地方,所以Etruscan很有可能確實來自土耳其。
分論點三:一種Etruscan飼養的牛也可以證明他們來自土耳其。這種牛和意大利本地的牛基因相差很大,卻跟土耳其地區的牛相似度很高。

聽力觀點總結
總論點:Etruscan來自土耳其這一觀點沒有說服力,閱讀中提到的證據都存在弱點。
分論點一:Horodotus的記錄並不總是可信的。比如,在他的寫作中提到了某個遙遠的國家裡有一種巨大的昆蟲可以吃人,這一聽就是編造出來的故事。因此,Horodotus的記錄並不總是可靠。
分論點二:在土耳其附近的島嶼上發現Tyrrhenian語系的銘文並不能證明Etruscan人來自土耳其。恰恰相反,由於Etruscan人善於航海,很有可能是這個島嶼上的銘文是Etruscan人航行到那裡的時候留下的。
分論點三:牛的基因相近並不能說明他們主人的根源地。因為Etruscan人擅長貿易,所以有可能他們是通過貿易進口了來自土耳其的牛,並開始飼養它們。

範文
The reading material proposes several pieces of evidence to prove that the Etruscans originated from Turkey. Nevertheless, the listening suggests that this conclusion is not convincing and each of the arguments made in the passage has crucial weaknesses.

In the first place, the writer says that the writing of an ancient historian Herodotus confirmed that Etruscans came from Turkey. On the contrary, the professor points out that his writing was not always reliable. For example, Herodotus recorded in his books that there was a kind of huge insects in a distant country which could eat people. This unbelievable story indicates that Herodotus’ writing was not necessarily true.

Second, the reading states that the Tyrrhenian inscriptions found on an island near Turkey shows the origin of Etruscans. However, the lecture refutes the idea by saying that it could be just the opposite. Since Etruscans were good seafarers, they could probably sail for the island and left the inscriptions there. Therefore, it is likely that the language on the island came from Etruscans, not the other way around.

Finally, although the author believes that the genetic similarity of cows demonstrates Etruscans’ Turkish origin, the professor argues that the cows cannot represent their owners. Because Etruscans were good traders, they could easily import some cows from Italy and then start breeding them. Thus, the third argument in the reading is also denied by the professor.

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