160215去英國留學前必須讀的5本書.jpg  

♜ The English: A Portrait of a People, By Jeremy Paxman
In The English, the famously no-nonsense journalist and broadcaster Jeremy Paxman assesses what it means to be English today - specifically English, that is, not Welsh, Scottish, or Irish. In this wide-ranging work, Paxman charts the rise of a peculiar stereotype of Englishness that arose abroad in response to British colonialism, and its subsequent obsolescence following the disintegration of Empire. Emphasizing the pluralistic interconnections between England's regions, cultures, and classes, The English gives historical grounding to some of the country' scurious social quirks and places them in the context of its people's fluctuating identities.
  
 White Teeth, By Zadie Smith 
Treating a broad sweep of British post-war history, White Teeth deals with the issues of London's immigrant population and their often conflicting desires to both assimilate and preserve their indigenous cultural identities. In an inimitable style that is now painfully funny, now heartrending, Smith also satirises the British middle and working classes while writing sensitively on such social issues as the generation gap in immigrant families, and even religious fundamentalism. A must-read for those seeking to know more about the diversity of Britain's cities.
  
Porterhouse Blue, Tom Sharpe
Whether you're looking to throw yourself bodily into life at Britain's most traditional educational institutions, or searching for a stick to beat them with, look no further than Tom Sharpe's rip-roaring parody of life at the fictional Cambridge college, Porterhouse. Crippled by the need to adhere to its own traditions, Porterhouse is thrown into disarray when the College Master dies before naming his successor; meanwhile, research student Lionel Zipser's desperation to keep a lid on his attraction to his maid leads him through a series of preposterous plotlines towards a hilarious finale. A taste at the cordon bleu end of fine British humor.
  
The Road to Wigan Pier, George Orwell
In Wigan Pier, a middle-class writer composes one of the finest examples of working-class journalism ever set down on paper. The British are a nation acutely aware of social class, and navigating the proverbial minefield of class distinctions can often prove challenging for visiting students. Orwell documents living conditions for workers in the impoverished north of England in the late 1930s, before discussing the practical solutions to the problem. Very much a document of its time, but still one of great use for those interested in the roots of Britain’s ongoing class tensions
  
Great Expectations, Charles Dickens
Great Expectations may seem like an obvious choice, but it will do more than reward the Chinese penchant for Victorian high society. As well as being one of the most recognizable English-language stories, the novel explores social mobility, the contemporary class system, and empire, all backed up with a number of Dickens' larger-than-life characters and the first-person voice of the ever hopeful Pip. For the Chinese reader, it’s a cultural exploration of Britain at one of the most important points in her history, and a classic piece of literature by the second-most famous British writer of all time.
  
♟ peculiar -adj.古怪的,異常的;特殊的,特有的
參考例句:
• He walks in a peculiar fashion.
他走路的樣子很奇特。
• He looked at me with a very peculiar expression.
他用一種很奇怪的表情看著我。
♟ stereotype -n.固定的形象,陳規,老套,舊框框
參考例句:
• He's my stereotype of a schoolteacher.
他是我心目中的典型教師。
• There's always been a stereotype about successful businessmen.
人們對於成功商人一直都有一種固定印象。
♟ obsolescence -n.過時,陳舊,廢棄
參考例句:
• For some small unproductive mills, the reality is not merger but obsolescence and bankruptcy.
對一些效率低下的小廠而言,現實不是合併,而是可能被淘汰和破產。
• Finally, the cost approach can provide a basis for allocating penalties, specifically economic obsolescence.
最後,成本法可作為一個分配因陳舊特別是因經濟
♟ disintegration -n.分散,解體
參考例句:
• This defeat led to the disintegration of the empire.
這次戰敗道致了帝國的瓦解。
• The incident has hastened the disintegration of the club.
這一事件加速了該俱樂部的解體。
♟ quirks -n.奇事,巧合( quirk的名詞複數 );怪癖
參考例句:
• One of his quirks is that he refuses to travel by train. 
他的怪癖之一是不願乘火車旅行。 
• All men have their own quirks and twists. 
人人都有他們自己的怪癖和奇想。
♟ indigenous -adj.土產的,土生土長的,本地的
參考例句:
• Each country has its own indigenous cultural tradition.
每個國家都有自己本土的文化傳統。
• Indians were the indigenous inhabitants of America.
印第安人是美洲的土著居民。
♟ parody -n.打油詩文,詼諧的改編詩文,拙劣的模仿;v.拙劣模仿,作模仿詩文
參考例句:
• The parody was just a form of teasing.
那個拙劣的模仿只是一種揶揄。
♟ fictional -adj.小說的,虛構的
參考例句:
• The names of the shops are entirely fictional.
那些商店的名字完全是虛構的。
• The two authors represent the opposite poles of fictional genius.
這兩位作者代表了天才小說家兩個極端。
♟ disarray -n.混亂,紊亂,淩亂
參考例句:
• His personal life fell into disarray when his wife left him.
妻子離去後,他的個人生活一片混亂。
• Our plans were thrown into disarray by the rail strike.
鐵路罷工打亂了我們的計畫。
♟ preposterous -adj.荒謬的,可笑的
參考例句:
• The whole idea was preposterous.
整個想法都荒唐透頂。
• It would be preposterous to shovel coal with a teaspoon.
用茶匙鏟煤是荒謬的。
♟ hilarious -adj.充滿笑聲的,歡鬧的;[反]depressed
參考例句:
• The party got quite hilarious after they brought more wine.
在他們又拿來更多的酒之後,派對變得更加熱鬧起來。
• We stop laughing because the show was so hilarious.
我們笑個不停,因為那個節目太搞笑了。
♟ cordon -n.警戒線,哨兵線
參考例句:
• Police officers threw a cordon around his car to protect him.
員警在他汽車周圍設置了防衛圈以保護他。
• There is a tight security cordon around the area.
這一地區周圍設有嚴密的安全警戒圈。
♟ pier -n.碼頭;橋墩,橋柱;[建]窗間壁,支柱
參考例句:
• The pier of the bridge has been so badly damaged that experts worry it is unable to bear weight.
這座橋的橋樁破損厲害,專家擔心它已不能負重。
• The ship was making towards the pier.
船正駛向碼頭。
♟ journalism -n.新聞工作,報業
參考例句:
• He's a teacher but he does some journalism on the side.
他是教師,可還兼職做一些新聞工作。
• He had an aptitude for journalism.
他有從事新聞工作的才能。
♟ navigating -v.給(船舶、飛機等)引航,導航( navigate的現在分詞 );(從海上、空中等)橫越;橫渡;飛躍
參考例句:
• These can also be very useful when navigating time-based documents, such as video and audio. 
它對於和時間有關的文檔非常有用,比如視頻和音訊文檔。 
• Vehicles slowed to a crawl on city roads, navigating slushy snow. 
汽車在市區路上行駛緩慢,穿越泥濘的雪地。 
♟ impoverished -adj.窮困的,無力的,用盡了的v.使(某人)貧窮( impoverish的過去式和過去分詞 );使(某物)貧瘠或惡化
參考例句:
• the impoverished areas of the city 
這個城市的貧民區
• They were impoverished by a prolonged spell of unemployment. 
他們因長期失業而一貧如洗。
♟ ongoing -adj.進行中的,前進的
參考例句:
• The problem is ongoing.
這個問題尚未解決。
• The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.
報告中提出的問題與“關心老人”組織在這方面正在做的工作有直接的關係。
♟ penchant -n.愛好,嗜好;(強烈的)傾向
參考例句:
• She has a penchant for Indian food.
她愛吃印度食物。
• He had a penchant for playing jokes on people.
他喜歡拿人開玩笑。
♟ mobility -n.可動性,變動性,情感不定
參考例句:
• The difference in regional house prices acts as an obstacle to mobility of labor.
不同地區房價的差異阻礙了勞動力的流動。
• Mobility is very important in guerrilla warfare.
機動性在遊擊戰中至關重要。


文章來源:去英國留學前必須讀的5本書

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